Three forms of peace

Whether two people live in peace with each other is shown by the way they carry out their conflicts. If violence is involved, then there is no real peace between the two. Especially when war is

What is violence – and what is war? There is no agreement at all.1 but it is clear: the weaker the concepts of violence and war, the stronger the resulting (negative) concept of peace. (negative, because it is defined only by the negation of violence and war).)

The strongest possible (positive) concepts of peace correspond to the dreams of paradise of the different cultures. There even the precondition for discord is missing. In paradise there are no conflicts. With us already. One in so far "more realistic" peace term is z.B. That of thomas hobbes: "but the time when there is no war, there is peace."2

The most important question is: what can be done against war?? Essentially, there are three answers to this, depending on whether peace is to be brought about by (1) (threat of) force, by (2) law, or (3) by justice.

(1) is the approach of thomas hobbes: the state of nature (the state without state) is a war of all against all. The only possible strategy to escape this internal (citizen) state of war is that of general submission to the leviathan (the state). But this strategy is not applicable to the leviathans themselves. They cannot be ready to renounce their sovereignty. In relation to each other, therefore, states remain in the state of nature. To prepare for the worst is reasonable for them. Prime example: the nuclear deterrence strategy mad (mutual ared destruction) of the "cold war".

The model of (2) is that of immanuel kant. His peace program

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